The demographic statistics mentioned above pertain specifically to juveniles, which in turn, is closely related to juvenile delinquency. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention: Forming part of the US Department of Justice, this prevention agency is a governmental organization focuses on all types of research, prevention programs, and rehabilitation programs for juveniles as offenders and victims.  Relationships and friendships can lead to gangs, which are major contributors of violent crimes among teens. This media evolution gave birth to a whole new way of living for the generations to come and for the first time ever there was a generation gap. In 2005, the Supreme Court banned juvenile capital punishment. Additionally, mental illness and substance abuse are large contributing factors. Crime rates vary due to the living situations of children; examples of this could be a child whose parents are together, divorced, or a child with only one parent, particularly a teen mom. Obesity in America; Boosting skills; Plagiarism; vijay times epaper. In addition, although the term juvenile delinquency often refers to juvenile as both the victims and the aggressors, this page only refers to juveniles as the actual delinquents. Those programs target various issues related to juvenile delinquency: Addressing juvenile delinquency and its underlying causes requires effort from professionals involved in social work, social justice, and criminology. It focuses on physical and emotional well-being and helps children develop healthy relationships and useful skills. Approximately 1 in 5 youth held in juvenile facilities are awaiting trial and have not been found guilty or delinquent (Prison Policy Initiative). As mentioned above, some people believe that all crime comes down to a single situation in which an individual must make a rational or irrational decision, to commit the crime, or to not. Rather than crime, the act is called a delinquent act when committed by a minor child, usually […] offenses and violations of juvenile delinquency.  The Children's Defense Fund has created a campaign to try to halt the spread of this phenomenon that is ruining the lives of so many poverty-stricken families and minorities. The KIDS COUNT initiative collects annual data on the well-being of children all-round the US and publishes state-specific reports as well as state comparisons. The act created the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) within the Justice Department to administer grants for juvenile crime-combating programs (currently only about 900,000 dollars a year), gather national statistics on juvenile crime, fund research on youth crime and administer four anticonfinement mandates regarding juvenile custody. Poverty, which is also directly connected to a child's chances of becoming a juvenile delinquent, varies by numerous factors. Alleged problems with this mandate are that it overrides state and local law. National Gang Center: This a website that provides anyone on the web with information about the gang problem in the US.  According to the Children's Defense Fund, 1 out of every 3 Black boys and 1 out of every 3 Hispanic boys are at risk of becoming delinquents in their lifetime, and therefore at risk of being sucked into this pipeline in which prison is the only option at the end of the tunnel. 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